What caused the Salem
witch trials of 1692? -- The main factors that started and fueled
the trials were politics, religion, family feuds, economics, and
the imaginations and fears of the people.
holy war raged for years -- Joseph Smith and his religious faithful
had sought to establish their Zion in one community after another.
Not even the wilderness would have them. At the end, there was no
battleground but there were prisoners. In the late afternoon on
June 27, 1844, a mob crept across an Illinois pasture and surrounded
the jail at Carthage. A small pack of the attackers stormed up the
stairs and swiftly fired shots into the 2nd-floor cell that housed
the Mormon prophet, Joseph Smith, his brother Hyrum, and his friends
John Taylor and Willard Richards.
In 1908, Police Commissioner
Theodore Bingham, published an article in The North American Review
contending half the city's criminals were Jews. The face
of Italian immigrants, wrote Charles Bancroft, a doctor who worked
on Ellis Island, displayed "a lack of intelligence." A powerful
clique of eugenicists began to argue that the new immigrants from
Eastern and Southern Europe were genetically
prone to crime, disease and depravity and should be kept out.
-- Churches throughout
Europe were mostly silent while Jews were persecuted, deported and
murdered by the Nazis. It is time for Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal
and Spain to acknowledge that there were no truly neutral countries
on the European continent during World War II. It is now time for
those nations to acknowledge that they were part of the Nazis' New
Order and that they bear some responsibility for the tragic history.
and the Courts 1740-1860 -- Contains over a hundred items documenting
legal cases "concerning the difficult and troubling experiences
of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies
and the United States." Materials include accounts from "some of
the defendants and plaintiffs themselves as well as those of abolitionists,
presidents, politicians, slave owners, fugitive and free territory
slaves, lawyers and judges, and justices of the U.S. Supreme Court."
Library of Congress
Long before the civil
rights marches of the 1960s, another group of Americans fought for
their basic rights as US citizens. In 1944,
63 young men stood trial for resisting the draft at the concentration
camp at Heart Mountain, Wyoming. Seven leaders were accused
of conspiring to encourage them. The dissidents served two years
in prison, and for the next 50 were written out of the popular history
of Japanese America.
Never Dies: The Legacy of Harry T. Moore explores this enigmatic
leader, a distinguished school teacher whose passionate crusade
for equal rights could not be discouraged by either the white power
structure or the more cautious factions of his own movement. In
1951 after celebrating Christmas Day, civil rights activist Harry
T. Moore and his wife Harriette retired to bed in their white frame
house tucked inside a small orange grove in Mims, Florida. Ten minutes
later, a bomb shattered their house, their lives and any notions
that the south's post-war transition to racial equality would be
a smooth one. Harry Moore died on the way to the hospital; his wife
died nine days later.
Rosa Parks Story
Over 40 years ago, conflict
of Little Rock Central High School captured the attention of
the world. That crisis stands as the most significant news event
in Little Rock's 20th century history.
Feb. 1, 1960, the
Greensboro Four felt isolated and alone as they sat at that
whites-only lunch counter at the Woolworth Store.
Birmingham Church Bombing Case -- Sept. 15, 1963: A dynamite
bomb explodes outside Sunday services at the Sixteenth Baptist Church,
killing 11-year-old Denise McNair, 14-year-olds Cynthia Wesley,
Carole Robertson and Addie Mae Collins, and injuring 20 others.
Copyright Kari Sable 1994-2006